The Halo Effect
How much does your city benefit from the Halo Effect?
How to use the Halo Calculator
Name of congregation, city, or province
Postal code or portion thereof
Note: Revenue Canada lists all congregations in New Brunswick as urban.
What is Halo Effect?
What is the research methodology?
Cardus used the same methodology, with some adjustments for the Canadian context.
open space (e.g., recreational use)
educational programs (e.g., a daycare on site)
magnet effect (e.g., spending by visitors attending weddings, funerals, etc.)
community development (e.g., job-training, housing initiatives)
For details, please see Mike Wood Daly, “Valuing Toronto’s Faith Congregations,” Cardus, 2016.
Where does the Calculator’s data come from?
There are 20,400 congregations in the database.
A previous version of the Calculator used a multiplier of $4.77. Why did it change?
What else is new with this version of the Calculator?
What are the limitations to the methodology?
Some variables in the value matrix depend on self-reporting by the congregations.